Tajikistan is a small country located in Central Asia. Tajikistan has a large amount of valuable natural resources. However, the underdeveloped infrastructure and highlands of the country make production difficult in a significant amount. The country is facing a difficult economic situation. The main reasons for its occurrence include the following:
- the country is located far enough from the main Eurasian traffic flows,
- the remoteness from the global infrastructure, partly due to the alpine location,
- difficult social environment,
- weak role and inexperience of the authorities in government.
If we take the data on the volume of GDP per capita, then Tajikistan lags behind all post-Soviet countries in Asia and takes only third place from the end.
The main directions of the Tajik economy remain agrarian and industrial. The main industries of the country are: mining, metallurgical, chemical, light, mechanical engineering, as well as partially food. The mining industry is dominated by the extraction of silver, gold, antimony, aluminum, mercury, salt, zinc and other valuable minerals. Extraction of aluminum occurs in large quantities, so its production has long been brought to the international level. A high percentage of the country’s exports is made up of food products, namely spices, dried fruits, nuts, rice, peanuts, sesame seeds. A feature of the Tajik economy is export products, in which the raw material base prevails, rather than finished products.
INTERNATIONAL EXPORT AND IMPORT RELATIONS
The main international trade and economic partners of Tajikistan are Uzbekistan, Turkey, China, Kazakhstan and Russia. Tajikistan as an international trade partner of Ukraine occupies only the tenth place among the countries of the CIS.
A significant part of exports from Ukraine to Tajikistan is made up of sugar and confectionery products, as well as pharmaceutical products, fats, vegetable and animal oils, and paper products.
Ukraine remains an important partner of Tajikistan in the hydropower industry, which is very important for Tajikistan, since most of the energy is produced at hydroelectric power stations. Ukrainian enterprises supply the necessary equipment for the Nurke and Rogun hydropower plants.
FEATURES OF TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
International transport to the country directly depends on the location of the country. Tajikistan is an alpine country that does not have its own access to the sea or ocean, so shipping can be immediately excluded. Rail transportation is problematic here, as flights are not located in all regions of the country. The priority ways of international transportation of goods to this country remain road transport and air delivery.
ROAD CARGO TRANSPORTATION
The main and important transport hubs are Khujand and Kulob. The transport infrastructure is underdeveloped, but every year it is developing more and more, new highways, bridges and tunnels are being built. In general, with such a development of transport infrastructure, it can be assumed that automobile infrastructure is quite promising. Moreover, in future plans is the completion of the highway, which will open access to the Arabian Sea, which by itself will increase the country’s attractiveness in the international arena. Also, transport infrastructure is being improved in the region, which Tajikistan has allocated for long-term leases to China.
Road transport to Tajikistan is considered the most popular type of cargo delivery. The simplicity of registration, the speed of delivery of transport for loading, and the period of cargo transportation itself, which is much faster than rail transportation, contribute to the choice of this type of cargo transportation. It is also worth noting the fact that vehicles have a very wide range of capabilities in terms of carrying capacity, volume and types of goods transported.
AIR CARGO DELIVERY
Using international air transportation of goods, it is possible to significantly reduce the duration of the process of cargo delivery to / from Tajikistan. Air transportation is also traditionally used when you need to transport quickly perishable goods, valuable, fragile or specific cargoes. To organize uninterrupted deliveries of international goods, 26 airports are located and operate in the country. The largest are Kurgan-Tyube, Kulyat, Dushanbe and Khujandzh. Air delivery takes on average 2-5 days.
The cost of air cargo delivery to Tajikistan today depends on such factors as the weight of the cargo, its dimensions and hazard class of the cargo. The cost of air transportation includes:
- place reservation,
- airwaybill clearance fee,
- security fee,
- fuel surcharge,
- air freight.
Additionally, it is necessary to cover the costs of:
- picking up cargo and delivering it to the airport,
- delivery of cargo from the airport to the recipient’s warehouse, unloading and loading operations,
- closing customs procedures at the airport.
COOPERATION WITH D.S.L. COMPANY
The DSL company provides a range of transportation services for air transportation of goods to / from Tajikistan, which includes:
- cargo delivery from the warehouse to the airport of departure,
- preparation of necessary export transport documents for international air cargo,
- organization of export and import customs clearance of aviation cargo,
- warehousing of air cargo,
- organization of cargo insurance for air transportation.
In order for us to deliver your goods, you need:
- leave a request for calculating the cost of transportation,
- coordinate with the manager the conditions for the execution of the order, sign the contract,
- provide the documents available for the cargo and pay the bill,
- execute transport documents.
D.S.L. company has been carrying out international freight transport for more than ten years, using various modes of transport for this. If you need to send cargo to/from Tajikistan, just call us or leave a request on the website.