Air transportation of animals requires compliance with the relevant standards for means of transportation and the availability of documents. In order to deliver animals without problems, we offer an article with general standards, without which no air delivery can be organized.
Necessary documents in order to deliver animals by air abroad
By transporting animals abroad, an international veterinary passport must be issued. To obtain this document, you should contact the state animal transportation service at the border. Most often, information in the passport is recorded in English. The document should contain information about the appropriate vaccinations, the conduct of chipping (mandatory for dogs, cats, ferrets).
When crossing the border with animals, you must have a certificate stating that they do not represent breeding value. For dogs, such a document can be obtained from an officially registered dog training organization. For cats, a certificate may be issued by an official association or club. Also, for international air travel, a permit for the transit or import / export of animals is required.
During international air transportation of animals, one should take into account the peculiarities of the legislation of foreign countries. For example, animals under four months old are not allowed into Europe. In the UK, a mandatory 6-month quarantine period is assumed for imported dogs. To bring dogs to Tunisia, you need a vaccination certificate for Carre disease. The import of any birds is strictly prohibited on the territory of Uruguay. There are also countries (for example, Great Britain) in which animals cannot be imported by passenger planes and for this purpose only cargo ones are used.
Transportation of animals in the passenger cabin
Transportation of service dogs (only accompanied by a dog handler) and small animals weighing no more than 8 kg is allowed in the cabin. When transporting small animals (including dogs and cats), the size of the container for them should not exceed 30/50/40 cm. To deliver the animals, the container is placed under an armchair.
Free transportation in the cabin is intended for guide dogs for blind and deaf passengers, as well as people with paralyzed limbs. During the flight, animals are located near the owners, are constantly in muzzles, collars and have leashes. Dog passengers cannot sit on the plane across from the emergency exits. Sometimes air carriers require a certificate of training in escorting dogs and a certificate of the need for escort for the passenger himself.
If the animal weighs more than 8 kg, air transportation is carried out in the luggage compartment of the aircraft. Animals are housed in containers, which is required by the International Air Transport Association – IATA (Live Animals Regulations).
Container requirements for delivering animals by air:
– appropriate sizes for animals. Height should allow for the animal to freely stand and rotate 360 degrees. Width – twice as much from the animal itself, and length – equal to the length of the animal plus half the length of the paws.
– non-toxic container materials. Use solid wood, fiberglass, metal, hard plastic.
– containers should be provided with a solid and waterproof bottom. It is specially coated with absorbent material.
– The roof of the containers must also be solid.
– doors can be retractable or hinged. Doors for large animals are equipped with additional hinges and locks. For aggressive dogs, two locks are installed on each side of the door. The thickness of the door should be such that the animal could not leave the container on its own. Doors can be made of metal mesh. Its dimensions should be such that the animal could not push out its paw or nose. Doors must be closed during the entire flight.
– ventilation openings should be more than 2.5 cm. They can be made on the roof or on the side walls of containers. In general, the ventilation area should be at least 16% of the total area of the sides of the container.
It should be remembered that dogs of brachycephalic breeds (for example, pugs, boxers, Pekingese, bulldogs), through physiological characteristics, carry flights more difficult. Therefore, it is necessary for them to take care of ensuring the maximum possible ventilation. Some airlines generally prohibit the transport of this type of dog because of the high risk of asphyxiation.
– The corresponding markings must not obstruct the ventilation openings.
– in order to conveniently carry containers, they must have handles. The existing wheels during air transportation are dismantled or stationary.
– in order to deliver animals by air, it is necessary to provide them with the necessary amount of food and water.
Air transportation of birds involves their placement in cages, which must be covered with a lightproof cloth. However, the cover material should not impede air circulation. Up to 50 small species of birds can be transported in one cage. For aggressive birds transportation is assumed one at a time.
Cages for transporting large birds can be made of wood, metal or plywood, and all openings are tightened with mesh. The cage should have a drinking device. Means for air transportation of birds should have a height greater than a third of the height of the bird itself.
During the transportation of snakes, lizards and turtles, waterproof containers with ventilation openings of at least 1 cm are used.
If the tortoise’s back shield is less than 10 cm, then it can be transported in a small container made of plastic. In large containers it is allowed to place turtles in no more than five layers. Ventilation holes should be placed on all four sides of the containers.
Only one species of snake or lizard can be placed in one container. Additionally, they can be packed in special bags that allow air to pass through. Each bag is labeled “Toxic” or “Not Toxic.”
For air transportation of fish, specialized isothermal containers are needed, the third part of which is filled with water. Such containers should be isothermal at temperatures from + 20 ° C to -20 ° C. Every 30 minutes, the fish should be cooled with water that is saturated with oxygen. When the plane arrives at a certain place, the fish must immediately be placed in a live-fishing machine for further transportation.